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  • Writer's pictureTyler Anderson

Types of Fiber Splicing at EIG PRO.

Fiber splicing is the process of connecting two optical fibers together to create a continuous signal path. This process is essential in fiber optic communications because it allows signals to be transmitted over long distances without being degraded. In this blog, we will explain the basics of fiber splicing and the different methods used to achieve it. EIG PRO provides fiber solutions in Dallas Fort Worth, Plano, Texas.

Types of Fiber Splicing:

There are two main types of fiber splicing: fusion splicing and mechanical splicing.

  1. Fusion Splicing: This method of splicing uses heat to melt the two fiber ends together. The fibers are carefully aligned and then clamped in place. A small electric arc is then used to fuse the two fiber ends together. Fusion splicing results in a permanent and extremely strong connection with minimal signal loss. This method is the most common type of splicing used in the telecommunications industry.

  2. Mechanical Splicing: This method uses a mechanical device to hold the two fiber ends in place without fusing them together. This method is quicker and easier to perform than fusion splicing, but it results in a weaker connection and higher signal loss. Mechanical splicing is often used in temporary or emergency situations, such as field repairs.

Steps involved in Fiber Splicing:

  1. Fiber Preparation: The first step in splicing is to prepare the fiber ends by stripping the protective coating and cleaving the fibers to create a clean, flat end face. This is important because any impurities or defects at the end face can cause signal loss or reflection.

  2. Alignment: The next step is to align the two fiber ends so that they are perfectly centered with each other. This is crucial for ensuring low loss and high reliability.

  3. Splicing: Once the fibers are properly aligned, the splicing process can begin. For fusion splicing, the electric arc is used to melt the fibers together. For mechanical splicing, the device is used to hold the fibers in place.

  4. Testing: After the splice is complete, it is important to test the connection to ensure that it is functioning properly. This is done by measuring the light loss through the splice and checking for any reflections or other anomalies.

Benefits of Fiber Splicing:

  1. Reliability: Fiber splicing creates a permanent, strong connection that is highly reliable and less prone to damage or failure than other types of connections.

  2. Low Loss: Fusion splicing results in minimal signal loss, allowing signals to be transmitted over long distances without degradation.

  3. Cost-effective: In the long run, fiber splicing can be more cost-effective than using connectors or patch cables because it eliminates the need for frequent replacements or repairs.

In conclusion, fiber splicing is a critical process in fiber optic communications that allows signals to be transmitted over long distances with minimal loss. Whether it's fusion splicing or mechanical splicing, the goal is to create a strong, reliable connection that will last for years to come.

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